Increasing the gap? Political participation and inequalities amidst the Great Recession (and the current pandemic crisis)
Head: Michele Sorice
The aim of this project is to investigate the evolution of political participation during the Great Recession and (potentially) the current pandemic crisis, which we consider as critical global junctures in terms of both the economic impact that they had and the political consequences they caused. The project is specifically focused on the study of unequal political participation and on the effects of these critical global junctures on political inequalities. While analysing the lines of stratification of political participation, the study is deeply committed to identify possible mechanisms that might act to mitigate participatory inequalities. In particular, two broad processes will be studied as potentially mobilizing factors of traditionally underrepresented citizens. On the one hand, the study will analyse the impact of populism throughout the Great Recession on participatory behaviour, under the hypothesis that populist parties, appealing to lower social strata, might have played a positive role in boosting participation of these social groups; on the other hand, we will explore the role of on-line participation tools to facilitate off-line participation.
Head: Livia de Giovanni
The main objective of Per.Se.O is to ensure support for the integration of refugees into employment in Italy, contributing to their general autonomy, to be “built” through the realization of specific individual paths of social and economic integration, as a result of their escape from the reception circuit. The scientific research activity is aimed at monitoring and evaluating the different areas of intervention promoted, the paths and services activated in favor of refugees who have come out of the reception circuit for 18 months. The main purpose of the monitoring is to detect any deviations from the objectives set, in order to allow timely corrective actions, including through the collection of such-quantitative indicators. The ex-post evaluation covers the entire project period, with a particular interest in the impact it generates and the different aspects of efficiency (in the use of resources), effectiveness (in relation to objectives) and sustainability of the project.
Stabilità politica e instabilità militare: Implicazioni politiche dell’uso dei droni nei conflitti in Medio Oriente e Nord Africa. Uno Studio Comparato su Libia, Siria e Yemen
Head: Raffaele Marchetti
The project aims to analyze the production and use of drones during the conflicts in Libya, Syria and Yemen. By using a methodology based on the triangulation of primary and secondary sources and interviews with experts and policymakers, the project aims to provide the first systemic analysis on the role of drones in the “enlarged” Mediterranean. The present project assumes therefore fundamental political implications both for the strategy of the Atlantic and European Alliance to stabilize the region and, specifically, for the Italian diplomatic position. Indeed, if deploying drones is easy and inexpensive, any political balance or peace agreement can be easily overturned by one of the local armed groups or by a regional / extra-regional actor present in the area. If the use of drones produced important military effects, it would therefore make it more difficult to reach political agreements. This opens up important policy options, from the embargo of drones to the regulation of their use to the financing of anti-drone systems to support allies in the field. Understanding more rigorously the production and use of drones in these contexts is therefore crucial in order to better outline the policy indications at national, European and international level.