Mer, 02/16/2022 - 13:00 / 14:30
205AB, Viale Romania
Speaker: Adrienne Héritier , European University Institute
Authors: Arthur Benz and Adrienne Héritier
“Building a more resilient Europe”. This is how the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission invited citizens of Europe to participate in a discussion on the future of Europe (EU 2021). Resilience matters when a political system is out of balance. In view of recent developments, it seems an appropriate goal for shaping the future of the EU.
During the last two decades, the Union has gone through turbulent, even contradictory developments. Scholars have analyzed these developments in the predominating framework of integration or disintegration. We suggest a different analytical approach which complements existing theories of European integration. This approach derives from comparative federalism and theories of institutional change. In federalism studies, multilevel polities are characterized by a division of power which is contested, difficult to balance, and continuously changing. Therefore, federal systems require institutional “safeguards” that allow to revise imbalances although they never achieve a final balance. It is the process of balancing, mostly by using informal adjustments of institutional distribution of power, but also institutional reform, that makes such polities work. We propose a conceptualization of safeguard mechanisms and strategies used in the EU, illustrate them empirically and ask what a continuous process of rebalancing of power implies for the overall structure of the EU.